Index to Physics Demonstrations

Mechanics

Measurement

1A10.20 BASIC UNITS - standards of mass
1A10.30 BASIC UNITS - standards of length
1A10.36 BASIC UNITS - 1 nano second
1A10.40 BASIC UNITS - clocks
1A10.45 BASIC UNITS - WWV signals
1A10.50 BASIC UNITS - one liter cube
1A10.60 BASIC UNITS - Avagadro's number box

1A20.60 ERROR AND ACCURACY - reaction time

1A30.10 COORDINATE SYSTEMS - xyz axis
1A30.40 COORDINATE SYSTEMS - chalkboard globe
1A30.41 COORDINATE SYSTEMS - blackboard hemisphere

1A40.20 VECTORS - folding rule
1A40.25 VECTORS - tinker toys
1A40.30 VECTORS - vector addition and subtraction

1A60.10 SCALING - powers of ten
1A60.40 SCALING - scaling cube

Motion in One Dimension

1C10.25 VELOCITY - air track and glider
1C10.27 VELOCITY - air track and glider
1C10.30 VELOCITY - approaching instantaneous velocity

1C20.10 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - penny and feather
1C20.11 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - drop feather on book
1C20.12 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - hammer and feather on moon
1C20.15 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - drop lead and cork balls
1C20.16 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - drop ball and paper
1C20.20 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - equal time equal distance drop
1C20.30 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - inclined air track
1C20.40 UNIFORM ACCELERATION - blinky track

1C30.10 MEASURING G - Pasco free fall
1C30.55 MEASURING G - catch a meter stick

Motion in Two Dimensions

1D10.10 DISPLACEMENT IN TWO DIMENSIONS - ball in a tube
1D10.20 DISPLACEMENT IN TWO DIMENSIONS - cycloid generator
1D10.40 DISPLACEMENT IN TWO DIMENSIONS - mounted wheel
1D10.50 DISPLACEMENT IN TWO DIMENSIONS - ball on the edge of a disk

1D15.20 VELOCITY, POSITION AND ACCELERATION - high road; low road
1D15.30 VELOCITY, POSITION AND ACCELERATION - catching the train
1D15.35 VELOCITY, POSITION AND ACCELERATION - passing the train

1D40.10 MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS - throw objects
1D40.15 MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS - loaded bolas
1D40.20 MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS - spinning block
1D40.50 MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS - air track pendulum glider
1D40.55 MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS - air track inchworm

1D50.10 CENTRAL FORCES - ball on a string
1D50.15 CENTRAL FORCES - arrow on a disc
1D50.20 CENTRAL FORCES - whirligig
1D50.25 CENTRAL FORCES - conical pendulum
1D50.40 CENTRAL FORCES - pail of water, pail of nails
1D50.45 CENTRAL FORCES - penny on the coat hanger
1D50.48 CENTRAL FORCES - balls on a propeller
1D50.50 CENTRAL FORCES - welch centripetal force
1D50.70 CENTRAL FORCES - rolling chain

1D52.10 DEFORMATION BY CENTRAL FORCE - flattening earth
1D52.20 DEFORMATION BY CENTRAL FORCE - water parabola
1D52.40 DEFORMATION BY CENTRAL FORCE - rotating candle
1D52.50 DEFORMATION BY CENTRAL FORCE - paper saw

1D55.10 CENTRIFUGAL ESCAPE - broken ring
1D55.11 CENTRIFUGAL ESCAPE - the big omega
1D55.20 CENTRIFUGAL ESCAPE - grinding wheel
1D55.30 CENTRIFUGAL ESCAPE - falling off the merry-go-round

1D60.05 PROJECTILE MOTION - ball to throw
1D60.10 PROJECTILE MOTION - howitzer and tunnel
1D60.15 PROJECTILE MOTION - howitzer and tunnel on incline
1D60.20 PROJECTILE MOTION - simultaneous fall
1D60.30 PROJECTILE MOTION - monkey and hunter
1D60.40 PROJECTILE MOTION - range of a gun
1D60.60 PROJECTILE MOTION - parabolic trajectory
1D60.65 PROJECTILE MOTION - water trough trajectory

Relative Motion

1E10.10 MOVING REFERENCE FRAMES - crossing the river
1E10.20 MOVING REFERENCE FRAMES - frames of reference

1E10.10 ROTATING REFERENCE FRAMES - Foucault pendulum
1E20.20 ROTATING REFERENCE FRAMES - Foucault pendulum model
1E20.30 ROTATING REFERENCE FRAMES - Foucault pendulum latitude model

1E30.11 CORIOLLIS EFFECT - draw the coriolis curve
1E30.13 CORIOLLIS EFFECT - coriolis overhead transparency
1E30.20 CORIOLLIS EFFECT - coriolis gun

Newton's First Law

1F10.10 MEASURING INERTIA - inertia balance
1F10.20 MEASURING INERTIA - inertia bongs
1F10.25 MEASURING INERTIA - foam rocks

1F20.10 INERTIA OF REST - inertia balls
1F20.11 INERTIA OF REST - bowling ball inertia balls
1F20.15 INERTIA OF REST - inertia block
1F20.20 INERTIA OF REST - smash your hand
1F20.22 INERTIA OF REST - hit the nail on the "head"
1F20.25 INERTIA OF REST - smash the block
1F20.30 INERTIA OF REST - tablecloth pull
1F20.33 INERTIA OF REST - inertia cylinder
1F20.35 INERTIA OF REST - eggs and pizza pan
1F20.40 INERTIA OF REST - stick on wine glasses
1F20.50 INERTIA OF REST - shifted air track inertia

1F30.10 INERTIA OF MOTION - persistance of motion
1F30.30 INERTIA OF MOTION - car on cart on track
1F30.40 INERTIA OF MOTION - nail by hand

Newton's Second Law

1G10.11 FORCE, MASS AND ACCELERATION - constant mass acceleration system
1G10.15 FORCE, MASS AND ACCELERATION - roller cart and bunge loop
1G10.22 FORCE, MASS AND ACCELERATION - accelerated instructor
1G10.25 FORCE, MASS AND ACCELERATION - acceleration block
1G10.40 FORCE, MASS AND ACCELERATION - Atwood's machine

1G20.10 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - candle in a bottle
1G20.20 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - ball in a thrown tube
1G20.35 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - drop mass on spring scale
1G20.36 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - vanishing weight
1G20.40 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - cup and weights
1G20.45 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - dropped slinky
1G20.70 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - local verticle with acceleration
1G20.80 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - cart and elastic band
1G20.85 ACCELERATED REFERENCE FRAMES - acceleration pendulum cart

1G30.20 COMPLEX SYSTEMS - mass on a spring, on a balance
1G30.30 COMPLEX SYSTEMS - hourglass on a balance

Newton's Third Law

1H10.10 ACTION AND REACTION - push me pull me carts
1H10.20 ACTION AND REACTION - Newton's sailboat

1H11.10 RECOIL - throw mass from cart
1H11.30 RECOIL - liquid nitrogen cannon

Statics of Rigid Bodies

1J10.10 FINDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - map of state
1J10.20 FINDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - loaded beam - moving scales
1J10.25 FINDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - center of gravity of a broom
1J10.30 FINDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - meter stick on fingers

1J11.10 EXCEEDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - leaning tower of Pisa
1J11.15 EXCEEDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - tipping block on incline
1J11.20 EXCEEDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - tower of lire
1J11.50 EXCEEDING CENTER OF GRAVITY - double cone

1J20.10 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - bowling ball stability
1J20.11 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - balance the cone
1J20.15 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - block on cylinder
1J20.17 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - blocks on curved surfaces
1J20.20 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - fork, spoon and match
1J20.25 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - nine nails on one
1J20.32 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - spoon on nose
1J20.45 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - tightrope walking
1J20.60 STABLE, UNSTABLE AND NEUTRAL EQUALIBRIUM - wine butler

1J30.10 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - suspended block
1J30.15 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - normal force
1J30.20 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - tension in a string
1J30.25 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - rope and three students
1J30.26 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - rope and three weights
1J30.27 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - deflect a rope
1J30.30 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - break wire with hinge
1J30.50 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - blackboard force table
1J30.70 RESOLUTION OF FORCES - sand in the tube

1J40.10 STATIC TORQUE - grip bar
1J40.20 STATIC TORQUE - torque beam
1J40.24 STATIC TORQUE - walking the plank
1J40.30 STATIC TORQUE - opening the door
1J40.40 STATIC TORQUE - loaded beam
1J40.50 STATIC TORQUE - roberval balance
1J40.75 STATIC TORQUE - arm model

Applications of Newton's Laws

1K10.10 DYNAMIC TORQUE - tipping block
1K10.20 DYNAMIC TORQUE - against a wall
1K10.30 DYNAMIC TORQUE - walking the spool
1K10.41 DYNAMIC TORQUE - traction force roller
1K10.50 DYNAMIC TORQUE - rolling uphill

1K20.05 FRICTION - washboard friction model
1K20.10 FRICTION - friction blocks - surface material
1K20.15 FRICTION - wieght dependence of friction
1K20.20 FRICTION - area dependence of friction
1K20.30 FRICTION - static vs. sliding friction
1K20.35 FRICTION - angle of repose
1K20.40 FRICTION - front and rear brakes
1K20.42 FRICTION - friction roller
1K20.70 FRICTION - falling flask capstan

1K30.10 PRESSURE - bed of nails
1K30.20 PRESSURE - pop the balloons

Gravity

1L10.10 UNIVERSAL GRAVITATIONAL CONSTANT - cavandish balance video
1L10.20 UNIVERSAL GRAVITATIONAL CONSTANT - cavandish balance model
1L10.30 UNIVERSAL GRAVITATIONAL CONSTANT - cavandish balance

1L20.40 ORBITS - conic sections

Work and Energy

1M10.10 WORK - shelf and block
1M10.20 WORK - pile driver
1M10.25 WORK - pile driver with pop cans

1M20.10 SIMPLE MACHINES - pulleys
1M20.11 SIMPLE MACHINES - pulley advantage
1M20.35 SIMPLE MACHINES - the big screw

1M30.10 NON-CONSERVATIVE FORCES - air track collision w/ sliding mass

1M40.10 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - nose basher
1M40.15 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - stopped pendulum
1M40.20 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - loop the loop
1M40.25 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - energy well track
1M40.30 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - adjustable track
1M40.35 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - roller coaster
1M40.40 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - ballistic pendulum
1M40.50 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - big yo-yo
1M40.60 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - height of a ball
1M40.61 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - 1-D trampoline
1M40.90 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY - rattleback

1M50.10 MECHANICAL POWER - prony brake

Linear Momentum and Collisions

1N10.10 IMPULSE AND THRUST - collision time pendula
1N10.15 IMPULSE AND THRUST - silicone ball on blackboard
1N10.20 IMPULSE AND THRUST - egg in sheet
1N10.30 IMPULSE AND THRUST - pile driver w/ foam rubber
1N10.40 IMPULSE AND THRUST - auto collision video disk

1N20.10 CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM - see-saw center of mass
1N20.11 CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM - see-saw center of mass - pasco
1N20.15 CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM - car on a rolling board
1N20.20 CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM - spring apart air track glider
1N20.25 CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM - elastic band reaction carts

1N21.10 MASS AND MOMENTUM TRANSFER - floor carts and medicine ball
1N21.30 MASS AND MOMENTUM TRANSFER - ballistic air glider

1N22.10 ROCKETS - fire extinguisher cart
1N22.20 ROCKETS - water rocket
1N22.25 ROCKETS - balloon rocket
1N22.33 ROCKETS - rocket around the moon
1N22.40 ROCKETS - ball bearing rocket cart
1N22.45 ROCKETS - cart and lead shot bags

1N30.10 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - collision balls
1N30.11 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - bowling ball collision balls
1N30.20 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - 3:1 collision balls
1N30.30 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - air track collision gliders
1N30.55 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - elastic and inelastic model
1N30.60 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - double ball bounce
1N30.65 COLLISION IN ONE DIMENSION - double air glider bounce

1N40.20 COLLISION IN TWO DIMENSIONS - air table collisions

Rotational Dynamics

1Q10.30 MOMENT OF INERTIA - ring, disk and sphere
1Q10.35 MOMENT OF INERTIA - all disks roll the same
1Q10.40 MOMENT OF INERTIA - racing disks
1Q10.41 MOMENT OF INERTIA - moment of inertia spools

1Q20.10 ROTATIONAL ENERGY - adjustable angular momentum
1Q20.30 ROTATIONAL ENERGY - rolling spool
1Q20.50 ROTATIONAL ENERGY - faster than "G"
1Q20.51 ROTATIONAL ENERGY - bowling ball faster than "G"
1Q20.55 ROTATIONAL ENERGY - pennies on a meter stick
1Q20.60 ROTATIONAL ENERGY - falling meter sticks

1Q30.10 TRANSFER OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - passing the wheel
1Q30.20 TRANSFER OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - drop bags o' rice
1Q30.30 TRANSFER OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - catch the ball on the stool

1Q40.10 CONSERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - rotating stool and dumbbells
1Q40.20 CONSERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - squeezatron
1Q40.25 CONSERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - pulling on the whirligig
1Q40.30 CONSERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM - rotating stool and bicycle wheel

1Q50.10 GYROS - precessing disk
1Q50.20 GYROS - bicycle wheel gyro
1Q50.24 GYROS - walking the wheel
1Q50.30 GYROS - mitac gyro
1Q50.35 GYROS - gyro in gimbals
1Q50.40 GYROS - suitcase gyro
1Q50.55 GYROS - wobbly Earth

1Q60.15 ROTATIONAL STABILITY - humming top
1Q60.30 ROTATIONAL STABILITY - tippe top
1Q60.35 ROTATIONAL STABILITY - spinning football
1Q60.37 ROTATIONAL STABILITY - billiard ball ellipsoid
1Q60.40 ROTATIONAL STABILITY - tossing the book
1Q60.50 ROTATIONAL STABILITY - spinning lariat, hoop and disk

Properties of Matter

1R10.20 HOOKE'S LAW - strain gauge
1R10.30 HOOKE'S LAW - springs in series and parallel

1R20.10 TENSILE AND COMPRESSIVE STRESS - breaking wire
1R20.20 TENSILE AND COMPRESSIVE STRESS - bending beam

1R30.10 SHEAR STRESS - shear book
1R30.20 SHEAR STRESS - foam block
1R30.30 SHEAR STRESS - spring cube

1R40.10 COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION - bouncing balls
1R40.30 COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION - dead and live balls

1R50.20 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE - crystal models
1R50.40 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE - crystal fault model
1R50.45 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE - crushing salt

Fluid Mechanics

Surface Tension

2A10.10 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - sliding wire
2A10.15 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - submerged float
2A10.25 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - leaky boats
2A10.35 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - cohesion/adhesion plates
2A10.50 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - bubbles
2A10.51 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - rubber balloons
2A10.60 FORCE OF SURFACE TENSION - surface tension bottle

2A15.10 MINIMAL SURFACES - pop the center
2A15.20 MINIMAL SURFACES - soap film shapes
2A15.21 MINIMAL SURFACES - catenoid soap film

2A20.10 CAPILLARY ACTION - capillary tubes

Statics of Fluids

2B20.10 STATIC PRESSURE - pressure independant of direction
2B20.20 STATIC PRESSURE - dropping plate
2B20.30 STATIC PRESSURE - weigh a water column
2B20.32 STATIC PRESSURE - chicken barometer
2B20.40 STATIC PRESSURE - Pascal's vases
2B20.60 STATIC PRESSURE - hydraulic press
2B20.66 STATIC PRESSURE - weight on a beach ball

2B30.05 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - lead bar
2B30.15 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - crush the soda can
2B30.20 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - crush a 55 gallon drum
2B30.25 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - crush the can with vacuum pump
2B30.30 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - Magdeburg hemispheres
2B30.33 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - Magdeburg hemisphere swing
2B30.34 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - Magdeberg tug-of-war
2B30.36 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - suction cups
2B30.40 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - soda straw contest
2B30.50 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - lift a stool
2B30.60 ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE - stick and newspaper

2B35.10 MEASURING PRESSURE - mercury barometer
2B35.20 MEASURING PRESSURE - pull up mercury barometer
2B35.30 MEASURING PRESSURE - manometer

2B40.10 DENSITY AND BUOYANCY - weigh submerged block
2B40.20 DENSITY AND BUOYANCY - Archimedes principle
2B40.30 DENSITY AND BUOYANCY - cartesian diver
2B40.40 DENSITY AND BUOYANCY - buoyancy of air
2B40.42 DENSITY AND BUOYANCY - buoyancy balloon
2B40.45 DENSITY AND BUOYANCY - weight of air

2B60.10 SIPHONS, FOUNTAINS AND PUMPS - hero's fountain

Dynamics of Fluids

2C10.10 FLOW RATE - flow rate

2C20.10 BERNOULLI FORCE - Bernoulli tubes
2C20.30 BERNOULLI FORCE - floating ball
2C20.35 BERNOULLI FORCE - ball and funnel
2C20.40 BERNOULLI FORCE - lifting plate
2C20.60 BERNOULLI FORCE - curve ball
2C20.70 BERNOULLI FORCE - Bjerknes' tube
2C20.75 BERNOULLI FORCE - Bernouli pen barrel

2C30.50 VISCOSITY - terminal velocity in water and glycerin
2C30.60 VISCOSITY - terminal velocity - styrofoam
2C30.65 VISCOSITY - terminal velocity - coffee filters

2C40.50 TURBULENT AND STREAMLINE FLOW - laminar and turbulent flow

2C50.10 VORTICES - smoke ring
2C50.15 VORTICES - vortex cannon
2C50.30 VORTICES - tornado tube

2C60.30 NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS - corn starch

Oscillations and Waves

Oscillations

3A10.10 PENDULA - simple pendulum
3A10.14 PENDULA - 4:1 pendulum
3A10.15 PENDULA - bowling ball pendulum
3A10.20 PENDULA - upside-down pendulum
3A10.30 PENDULA - torsion pendulum
3A10.40 PENDULA - variable g pendulum

3A15.20 PHYSICAL PENDULA - oscillating bar
3A15.25 PHYSICAL PENDULA - oscillating loop
3A15.30 PHYSICAL PENDULA - paddle oscillator
3A15.50 PHYSICAL PENDULA - the sweet spot
3A15.57 PHYSICAL PENDULA - sweet spot of a meter stick

3A20.10 SPRINGS AND OSCILLATORS - mass on a spring
3A20.30 SPRINGS AND OSCILLATORS - air track glider and spring
3A20.35 SPRINGS AND OSCILLATORS - air track glider between springs
3A20.40 SPRINGS AND OSCILLATORS - roller cart and spring
3A20.50 SPRINGS AND OSCILLATORS - oscillating chain

3A40.10 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION - circular motion vs. mass on spring
3A40.20 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION - circular motion vs. pendulum
3A40.30 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION - arrow on the wheel
3A40.35 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION - SHM slide
3A40.50 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION - strain gauge SHM

3A40.10 DAMPED OSCILLATORS - dash pot
3A40.20 DAMPED OSCILLATORS - damped SHM tracer
3A40.45 DAMPED OSCILLATORS - oscillating guillotine

3A60.10 DRIVEN MECHANICAL RESONANCE - tacoma narrows film/video
3A60.20 DRIVEN MECHANICAL RESONANCE - driven glider on air track
3A60.30 DRIVEN MECHANICAL RESONANCE - Barton's pendula
3A60.44 DRIVEN MECHANICAL RESONANCE - drunken sailor
3A60.50 DRIVEN MECHANICAL RESONANCE - resonance reeds
3A60.60 DRIVEN MECHANICAL RESONANCE - upside-down pendulum

3A70.10 COUPLED OSCILLATIONS - wilberforce pendulum
3A70.15 COUPLED OSCILLATIONS - swinging mass on a spring
3A70.20 COUPLED OSCILLATIONS - coupled pendula
3A70.25 COUPLED OSCILLATIONS - spring coupled pendula
3A70.30 COUPLED OSCILLATIONS - string coupled pendula

3A75.10 NORMAL MODES - coupled harmonic oscillators

3A80.10 LISSAJOUS FIGURES - Lissajous sand pendulum
3A80.20 LISSAJOUS FIGURES - Lissajous figure - scope

3A95.20 NON-LINEAR SYSTEMS - relaxation oscillator
3A95.70 NON-LINEAR SYSTEMS - pump a swing

Wave Motion

3B10.05 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - the wave - transverse
3B10.10 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - pulse on a rope
3B10.17 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - speed of a slinky pulse
3B10.18 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - speed of a pulse on ropes
3B10.20 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - slinky on table
3B10.25 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - standing pulse
3B10.30 TRANSVERSE PULSES AND WAVES - Shive/Bell labs wave model

3B20.05 LONGITUDINAL PULSES AND WAVES - the wave - longitudinal
3B20.10 LONGITUDINAL PULSES AND WAVES - hanging slinky
3B20.30 LONGITUDINAL PULSES AND WAVES - springy snow fence
3B20.60 LONGITUDINAL PULSES AND WAVES - speed of particles vs. waves

3B22.10 STANDING WAVES - Melde's
3B22.30 STANDING WAVES - Shive/Bell labs standing wave
3B22.50 STANDING WAVES - slinky standing waves
3B22.90 STANDING WAVES - crank slide

3B25.10 IMPEDANCE AND DISPERSION - impedance matching - Shive model
3B25.20 IMPEDANCE AND DISPERSION - reflection - Shive model

3B27.10 COMPOUND WAVES - slinky and soda cans
3B27.15 COMPOUND WAVES - wave superposition -Shive model

3B30.10 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - speed of sound by phase difference
3B30.20 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - direct speed of sound
3B30.30 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - bell in a vacuum
3B30.40 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - speaker and candle
3B30.45 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - bubbles and bugle
3B30.50 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - Helium talk
3B30.60 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - speed of sound in rod and air
3B30.65 WAVE PROPERTIES OF SOUND - music box

3B33.10 PHASE AND GROUP VELOCITY - group velocity on scope

3B39.10 TRANSFER OF ENERGY IN WAVES - water wave model

3B40.10 DOPPLER EFFECT - doppler buzzer
3B40.15 DOPPLER EFFECT - doppler whistle
3B40.20 DOPPLER EFFECT - doppler spear
3B40.25 DOPPLER EFFECT - doppler reed

3B45.10 SHOCK WAVES - film loop/video

3B50.10 INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION - ripple tank - single slit
3B50.20 INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION - ripple tank - two point
3B50.25 INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION - ripple tank - double slit
3B50.30 INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION - ripple tank film loops
3B50.40 INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION - Moire pattern transparencies
3B50.50 INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION - double slit transparency

3B55.10 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND - speaker bar
3B55.40 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND - trombone

3B60.10 BEATS - beat forks
3B60.15 BEATS - beat whistles
3B60.20 BEATS - beats on scope

3B70.10 COUPLED RESONATORS - sympathetic resonance

Acoustics

3C20.10 PITCH - range of hearing
3C20.30 PITCH - siren disc
3C20.40 PITCH - Savart's wheels

3C30.20 INTENSITY AND ATTENUATION - dB meters and horn
3C30.21 INTENSITY AND ATTENUATION - dB meter and horn
3C30.35 INTENSITY AND ATTENUATION - hearing -3dB

3C50.10 WAVE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS - Pasco fourier synthesizer
3C50.15 WAVE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS - mechanical square wave generator
3C50.30 WAVE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS - Helmholtz resonator set with microphone
3C50.35 WAVE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS - resonance tube spectrum
3C50.55 WAVE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS - distinguishing harmonics with the ear

3C55.30 MUSIC PERCEPTION AND VOICE - difference tones
3C55.80 MUSIC PERCEPTION AND VOICE - formants

Instruments

3D20.10 RESONANCE IN STRINGS - sonometer

3D22.20 STRINGED INSTRUMENTS - cigar box cello

3D30.10 RESONANCE IN CAVITIES - verticle resonance tube
3D30.16 RESONANCE IN CAVITIES - horizontal resonance tube
3D30.50 RESONANCE IN CAVITIES - Ruben's tube
3D30.70 RESONANCE IN CAVITIES - hoot tubes

3D32.10 AIR COLUMN INSTRUMENTS - organ pipes
3D32.30 AIR COLUMN INSTRUMENTS - slide whistle

3D40.10 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - xylophone
3D40.15 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - musical sticks
3D40.20 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - singing rod
3D40.30 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - Chladni plate
3D40.33 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - thick Chladni plate
3D40.35 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - flaming table
3D40.55 RESONANCE IN PLATES, BARS AND SOLIDS - shattering goblet

Sound Reproduction

Thermodynamics

Thermal Properties of Matter

4A20.10 LIQUID EXPANSION - Torchelli tube

4A30.10 SOLID EXPANSION - bimetal strip
4A30.20 SOLID EXPANSION - balls and ring
4A30.30 SOLID EXPANSION - break the bolt
4A30.50 SOLID EXPANSION - expansion of quartz and glass
4A30.60 SOLID EXPANSION - sagging wire
4A30.80 SOLID EXPANSION - heat rubber bands

4A40.10 PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS AT LOW TEMPERATURE - lead bell
4A40.15 PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS AT LOW TEMPERATURE - solder spring
4A40.30 PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS AT LOW TEMPERATURE - smashing rose and tube

Heat and the First Law

4B10.10 HEAT CAPACITY AND SPECIFIC HEAT - water and Aluminum on hot plate
4B10.15 HEAT CAPACITY AND SPECIFIC HEAT - water and oil on hot plate
4B10.30 HEAT CAPACITY AND SPECIFIC HEAT - melting wax
4B10.60 HEAT CAPACITY AND SPECIFIC HEAT - Clement's and Desormes' experiment
4B10.70 HEAT CAPACITY AND SPECIFIC HEAT - elastic properties of gases

4B20.10 CONVECTION - convection tube
4B20.20 CONVECTION - two chimney convection box
4B20.25 CONVECTION - convection chimney
4B20.45 CONVECTION - burn your hand
4B20.50 CONVECTION - Barnard cell

4B30.10 CONDUCTION - dropping balls
4B30.25 CONDUCTION - four rods
4B30.30 CONDUCTION - copper and stainless tubes
4B30.35 CONDUCTION - toilet seats
4B30.50 CONDUCTION - heat propagation in a copper rod

4B40.10 RADIATION - light the match
4B40.30 RADIATION - Leslie's cube
4B40.50 RADIATION - selective absorbtion and transmission

4B50.10 HEAT TRANSFER APPLICATIONS - four thermos bottles
4B50.20 HEAT TRANSFER APPLICATIONS - boil water in a paper cup
4B50.25 HEAT TRANSFER APPLICATIONS - water balloon heat capacity
4B50.35 HEAT TRANSFER APPLICATIONS - finger in hot oil
4B50.40 HEAT TRANSFER APPLICATIONS - reverse Leidenfrost

4B60.10 MECHANICAL EQUIVALENT OF HEAT - dropping lead shot
4B60.15 MECHANICAL EQUIVALENT OF HEAT - hammer on lead
4B60.20 MECHANICAL EQUIVALENT OF HEAT - copper barrel crank
4B60.55 MECHANICAL EQUIVALENT OF HEAT - boy scout fire maker

4B70.10 ADIABATIC PROCESSES - fire syringe
4B70.20 ADIABATIC PROCESSES - expansion cloud chamber
4B70.25 ADIABATIC PROCESSES - big expansion cloud chamber

Change of State

4C10.10 PVT SURFACES - PVT surfaces

4C20.10 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-SOLID - supercooled water
4C20.20 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-SOLID - ice bomb
4C20.30 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-SOLID - regelation
4C20.35 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-SOLID - liquefying CO2
4C20.40 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-SOLID - freezing liquid nitrogen
4C20.10 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-SOLID - fire extinguisher

4C30.10 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-GAS - boiling by cooling
4C30.35 PHASE CHANGES: LIQUID-GAS - burst a balloon

4C31.10 COOLING BY EVAPORATION - cryophorus
4C31.30 COOLING BY EVAPORATION - drinking bird

4C32.10 DEW POINT AND HUMIDITY - sling psychrometer

4C40.10 SUBLIMATION - carbon dioxide

4C45.10 PHASE CHANGE IN IRON - phase changes solid - solid

4C50.10 CRITICAL POINT - critical point of CO2
4C50.20 CRITICAL POINT - critical opalescence

Kinetic Theory

4D10.10 BROWNIAN MOTION - smoke cell
4D10.20 BROWNIAN MOTION - Brownian motion simulation

4D20.10 MEAN FREE PATH - Crookes' radiometer

4D30.10 KINETIC MOTION - Cenco kinetic theory apparatus
4D30.11 KINETIC MOTION - big kinetic motion apparatus
4D30.20 KINETIC MOTION - molecular motion simulation

4D50.10 DIFFUSION - fragrant vapor - ethyl ketone
4D50.20 DIFFUSION - diffusion through porcelain
4D50.70 DIFFUSION - pemeable membrane
4D50.80 DIFFUSION - osmosis simulation

Gas Law

4E10.10 CONSTANT PRESSURE - hot air thermometer
4E10.20 CONSTANT PRESSURE - balloon in liquid nitrogen

4E20.10 CONSTANT TEMPERATURE - square inch syringe
4E20.20 CONSTANT TEMPERATURE - Boyle's law apparatus
4E20.40 CONSTANT TEMPERATURE - balloon in a vacuum

4E30.10 CONSTANT VOLUME - constant volume bulb

Entropy and the Second Law

4F10.10 ENTROPY - time reversal
4F10.20 ENTROPY - balls in a pan
4F10.30 ENTROPY - Hilsh tube
4F10.40 ENTROPY - dust explosion

4F30.10 HEAT CYCLES - stirling engine
4F30.20 HEAT CYCLES - steam engine
4F30.60 HEAT CYCLES - nitinol engine

Electricity and Magnetism

Electrostatics

5A10.10 PRODUCING STATIC CHARGE - rods and fur
5A10.20 PRODUCING STATIC CHARGE - electrophorus
5A10.38 PRODUCING STATIC CHARGE - equal and opposite piezoelectric

5A20.10 COULOMB'S LAW - rods and pivot
5A20.20 COULOMB'S LAW - coulomb's law with pith balls
5A20.28 COULOMB'S LAW - beer can pith balls

5A30.10 CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS - wire versus string

5A40.15 INDUCED CHARGE - electroscope charging by induction
5A40.20 INDUCED CHARGE - charge propelled cylinder
5A40.30 INDUCED CHARGE - 2"*4"
5A40.35 INDUCED CHARGE metal rod attraction
5A40.40 INDUCED CHARGE - deflection of water stream
5A40.70 INDUCED CHARGE - Kelvin water dropper

Electric Fields and Potential

5B10.10 ELECTRIC FIELD - hair on end
5B10.15 ELECTRIC FIELD - Van De Graaff streamers
5B10.25 ELECTRIC FIELD - styrofoam peanuts
5B10.26 ELECTRIC FIELD - electrified strings
5B10.35 ELECTRIC FIELD - electrostatic ping pong
5B10.40 ELECTRIC FIELD - fuzzy fur field tank

5B20.15 GAUSS' LAW - Faraday's ice pail on electroscope
5B20.30 GAUSS' LAW - electroscope in a cage
5B20.31 GAUSS' LAW - electroscope in a cage / Wimshurst
5B20.35 GAUSS' LAW - radio in a cage

5B30.10 GAUSS' LAW - surface charge density
5B30.20 GAUSS' LAW - charged ovoid
5B30.30 GAUSS' LAW - lightning rod
5B30.35 GAUSS' LAW - point and ball with Van De Graaff
5B30.40 GAUSS' LAW - electric wind
5B30.50 GAUSS' LAW - pinwheel
5B30.60 GAUSS' LAW - cottrell precipitator

Capacitance

5C10.10 CAPACITORS - sample capacitors
5C10.20 CAPACITORS - parallel plate capacitor

5C20.10 DIELECTRICS - capacitor with dielectrics
5C20.17 DIELECTRICS - Helium dielectric
5C20.30 DIELECTRICS - dissectible condeser
5C20.35 DIELECTRICS - bound charge

5C30.20 ENERGY STORED IN A CAPACITOR - short a capacitor
5C30.30 ENERGY STORED IN A CAPACITOR - light the bulb
5C30.35 ENERGY STORED IN A CAPACITOR - lift weight with a capacitor

Resistance

5D10.20 RESISTANCE CHARACTERISTICS - characteristic resistances
5D10.40 RESISTANCE CHARACTERISTICS - resistance model

5D20.15 RESISTIVITY AND TEMPERATURE - flame and liquid Nitrogen
5D20.30 RESISTIVITY AND TEMPERATURE - resistance of light bulbs

5D40.10 CONDUCTION IN GASES - Jacob's ladder

Electromotive Force and Current

5E40.10 CELLS AND BATTERIES - EMF umbrella
5E40.25 CELLS AND BATTERIES - lemon battery
5E40.60 CELLS AND BATTERIES - simple battery
5E40.70 CELLS AND BATTERIES - internal resistance of batteries

5E50.10 THERMOELECTRICITY - thermocouple
5E50.30 THERMOELECTRICITY - thermoelectric magnet

5E60.20 PIEZOELECTRICITY - piezoelectric gun

DC Circuits

5F10.10 OHM'S LAW - Ohm's law

5F20.10 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - Kirchoff's voltage law
5F20.15 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - continuity of current
5F20.20 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - superposition of current
5F20.30 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - potentiometer
5F20.45 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - light-bulb wheatstone bridge
5F20.50 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - series and parallel light bulbs
5F20.51 CIRCUIT ANALYSIS - light bulb board -12V

5F30.10 RC CIRCUITS - capacitor and light bulbs
5F30.20 RC CIRCUITS - RC time constant on scope

Magnetic Materials

5G10.15 MAGNETS - lodestone
5G10.20 MAGNETS - break the magnet

5G20.10 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - barkhausen effect
5G20.20 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - ferro-optical garnet
5G20.30 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - campass arrays
5G20.50 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - pound iron bar
5G20.55 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - permalloy bar
5G20.71 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - electromagnet
5G20.75 MAGNETIC DOMAINS AND MAGNETIZATION - retentivity

5G30.10 PARAMAGNETISM AND DIAMAGNETISM - paramagnetism and diamagnetism

5G40.10 HYSTERESIS - hysteresis loop on scope

5G50.10 TEMPERATURE AND MAGNETISM - Curie point
5G50.50 TEMPERATURE AND MAGNETISM - Meissner effect

Magnetic Fields and Forces

5H10.20 MAGNETIC FIELDS - Oersted's effect
5H10.30 MAGNETIC FIELDS - magnet and iron filings

5H15.10 FIELDS AND CURRENTS - field of wire and iron filings
5H15.20 FIELDS AND CURRENTS - parallel wire and iron filings
5H15.25 FIELDS AND CURRENTS - anti-parallel wires and iron filings
5H15.40 FIELDS AND CURRENTS - solenoid and iron filings
5H15.50 FIELDS AND CURRENTS - torroid and iron filings

5H20.10 FORCES OF MAGNETS - magnets and pivot
5H20.15 FORCES OF MAGNETS - snap the lines of force
5H20.20 FORCES OF MAGNETS - levitation magnets

5H25.10 MAGNET/ELECTROMAGNET INTERACTIONS - magnet in a coil
5H25.20 MAGNET/ELECTROMAGNET INTERACTIONS - jumping magnet

5H30.10 FORCE ON MOVING CHARGES - cathode ray tube
5H30.15 FORCE ON MOVING CHARGES - bending an electron beam
5H30.20 FORCE ON MOVING CHARGES - e/m tube

5H40.10 FORCE ON CURRENT WIRES - parallel wires
5H40.35 FORCE ON CURRENT WIRES - jumping wire

5H50.10 TORQUES ON COILS - model galvanometer
5H50.20 TORQUES ON COILS - force on a current loop
5H50.30 TORQUES ON COILS - interacting rotating coils
5H50.35 TORQUES ON COILS - dipole loop around long wire

Inductance

5J10.20 SELF INDUCTANCE - back EMF
5J10.30 SELF INDUCTANCE - back EMF spark

5J20.10 LR CIRCUITS - LR time constant on scope
5J30.10 LRC CIRCUITS (DC) - LRC ringing

Electromagnetic Induction

5K10.10 INDUCED CURRENTS AND FORCES - sliding rail
5K10.15 INDUCED CURRENTS AND FORCES - move wire in horseshoe magnet
5K10.20 INDUCED CURRENTS AND FORCES - induction coil with magnet
5K10.25 INDUCED CURRENTS AND FORCES - light bulb, coil, and magnet
5K10.30 INDUCED CURRENTS AND FORCES - induction coils with battery
5K10.70 INDUCED CURRENTS AND FORCES - what does a voltmeter measure?

5K20.10 EDDY CURRENTS - pendulum in big electromagnet
5K20.15 EDDY CURRENTS - damped pendulum
5K20.20 EDDY CURRENTS - falling aluminum sheet
5K20.25 EDDY CURRENTS - magnets and eddy tubes
5K20.30 EDDY CURRENTS - jumping ring

5K30.30 TRANSFORMERS - verticle transformer
5K30.35 TRANSFORMERS - light underwater
5K30.40 TRANSFORMERS - weld a nail

5K40.10 MOTORS AND GENERATORS - DC motor
5K40.20 MOTORS AND GENERATORS - DC and AC generators on galvanometer
5K40.25 MOTORS AND GENERATORS - DC and AC generators on scope
5K40.40 MOTORS AND GENERATORS - motor/generator
5K40.80 MOTORS AND GENERATORS - hand crank generator
5K40.83 MOTORS AND GENERATORS - bicycle generator

AC Circuits

5L10.10 IMPEDANCE - inductive choke

5L20.10 RLC CIRCUITS (AC) - RLC phase differences
5L20.20 RLC CIRCUITS (AC) - RLC resoncance

5L30.10 FILTERS AND RECTIFIERS - bridge rectifier

Semiconductors and Tubes

5M10.10 SEMICONDUCTORS - Hall effect

Electromagnetic Radiation

5N10.10 TRANSMISSION LINES AND ANTENNAS - model transmission line
5N10.40 TRANSMISSION LINES AND ANTENNAS - reflections in coax
5N10.50 TRANSMISSION LINES AND ANTENNAS - lecher wires
5N10.60 TRANSMISSION LINES AND ANTENNAS - dipole radiation

5N30.10 ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM - projected spectrum w/ prism
5N30.30 ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM - microwave transmitter and receiver
5N30.50 ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM - IR camera and remote control device

Optics

Geometrical Optics

6A01.10 SPEED OF LIGHT - speed of light - moving reflector

6A02.10 STRAIGHT LINE PROPAGATION OF LIGHT - light in a vacuum
6A02.15 STRAIGHT LINE PROPAGATION OF LIGHT - straight line propagation - shadows

6A10.11 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - optical disk with flat mirror
6A10.15 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - laser and flat mirror
6A10.20 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - diffuse and specular reflection
6A10.22 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - aluminum foil reflection
6A10.40 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - angled mirrors
6A10.45 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - parallel mirrors
6A10.50 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - full view mirror
6A10.60 REFLECTION FROM FLAT SURFACES - cold candle

6A20.11 REFLECTION FROM CURVED SURFACES - optical disc with curved mirrors
6A20.15 REFLECTION FROM CURVED SURFACES - parallel lasers and curved mirrors
6A20.30 REFLECTION FROM CURVED SURFACES - mirror and rose
6A20.35 REFLECTION FROM CURVED SURFACES - optic mirage
6A20.40 REFLECTION FROM CURVED SURFACES - projected arrow with mirror
6A20.41 REFLECTION FROM CURVED SURFACES - projected filament with mirror

6A40.20 REFRACTIVE INDEX - count fringes

6A42.11 REFRACTION AT FLAT SURFACES - optical disc with glass block
6A42.21 REFRACTION AT FLAT SURFACES - Nakamara refraction tank
6A42.22 REFRACTION AT FLAT SURFACES - big plastic refraction tank
6A42.35 REFRACTION AT FLAT SURFACES - ripple tank refraction
6A42.40 REFRACTION AT FLAT SURFACES - penny in a cup
6A42.55 REFRACTION AT FLAT SURFACES - paraffin prism and microwaves

6A44.11 TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - optical disk with prism, semicircle
6A44.22 TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - big plastic refraction tank
6A44.40 TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - laser and fiber optics
6A44.42 TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - steal the signal
6A44.50 TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - ring of light

6A46.10 RAINBOW - rainbow
6A46.30 RAINBOW - optical disc with spherical lens

6A60.11 THIN LENSES - optical disk with thin lens
6A60.15 THIN LENSES - ripple tank convex lens
6A60.16 THIN LENSES - ripple tank concave lens
6A60.20 THIN LENSES - parallel lasers and lenses
6A60.30 THIN LENSES - projected filament with lens
6A60.31 THIN LENSES - projected arrow with lens
6A60.45 THIN LENSES - position of virtual image
6A60.50 THIN LENSES - pinholes projected with a lens
6A60.60 THIN LENSES - paraffin lens and microwaves

6A61.20 PINHOLE - pinhole camera

6A65.20 THICK LENS - chromatic aberration
6A65.30 THICK LENS - barrel and pincushion distortion

6A70.10 OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS - microscope model
6A70.20 OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS - telescope models
6A70.24 OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS - model telescope - optical bench

Photometry

6B10.10 LUMINOSITY - checker board
6B10.30 LUMINOSITY - paraffin block photometer
6B10.50 LUMINOSITY - frosted globe - surface brightness
6B10.55 LUMINOSITY - frosted globes

6B40.10 BLACKBODIES - variac and light bulb
6B40.20 BLACKBODIES - hole in a box
6B40.25 BLACKBODIES - carbon block
6B40.26 BLACKBODIES - carbon rod
6B40.40 BLACKBODIES - x-y spectrum recorder

Diffraction

6C10.10 DIFFRACTION THROUGH ONE SLIT - single slit and laser
6C10.12 DIFFRACTION THROUGH ONE SLIT - cornell plate - single slit
6C10.50 DIFFRACTION THROUGH ONE SLIT - microwave diffraction

6C20.10 DIFFRACTION AROUND OBJECTS - laser and diffraction objects
6C20.20 DIFFRACTION AROUND OBJECTS - thin wire diffraction
6C20.30 DIFFRACTION AROUND OBJECTS - pinhole diffraction

Interference

6D10.10 INTERFERENCE FROM TWO SOURCES - double slit laser
6D10.11 INTERFERENCE FROM TWO SOURCES - cornell plate - two slit
6D10.20 INTERFERENCE FROM TWO SOURCES - microwave two slit interference
6D10.25 INTERFERENCE FROM TWO SOURCES - microwave two source interference

6D20.10 GRATINGS - cornell plate - multiple slits
6D20.15 GRATINGS - gratings and laser
6D20.20 GRATINGS - projected spectra with grating
6D20.50 GRATINGS - crossed gratings and laser

6D30.10 THIN FILMS - Newton's rings
6D30.20 THIN FILMS - soap film interference
6D30.30 THIN FILMS - air wedge

6D40.10 INTERFEROMETERS - Michelson interferometer
6D40.25 INTERFEROMETERS - Microwave interferometer

Color

6F10.10 SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF LIGHT AND COLOR - color box
6F10.20 SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF LIGHT AND COLOR - color filters
6F10.75 SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF LIGHT AND COLOR - colors in spectral light

6F40.10 SCATTERING - sunset

Polarization

6H10.10 DICHROIC POLARIZATION - polaroids on the overhead
6H10.20 DICHROIC POLARIZATION - microwave polarization

6H20.10 POLARIZATION BY REFLECTION - Brewster's angle

6H30.10 CIRCULAR POLARIZATION - three polaroids

6H35.15 BIREFRINGENCE - birefringent crystals
6H35.50 BIREFRINGENCE - stress plastic
6H35.53 BIREFRINGENCE - butterfly, etc.

6H50.10 POLARIZATION BY SCATTERING - sunset with polarizers

The Eye

6J10.10 THE EYE - eye model
6J10.30 THE EYE - blind spot

6J11.30 PHYSIOLOGY - persistance of vision

Modern Optics

Modern Physics

Quantum Effects

7A10.10 PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT - discharging Zinc plate
7A10.12 PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT - photoelectric charging
7A10.30 PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT - stopping potential

7A50.40 WAVE MECHANICS - vibrating circular wire

7A60.10 X-RAY AND ELECTRON DIFFRACTION - electron diffraction
7A60.15 X-RAY AND ELECTRON DIFFRACTION - Miller indices
7A60.50 X-RAY AND ELECTRON DIFFRACTION - microwave Bragg diffraction

Atomic Physics

7B10.10 SPECTRA - student gratings and line sources
7B10.25 SPECTRA - spectral chart

7B11.10 ABSORPTION - Sodium absorption/emission

7B13.10 RESONANCE RADIATION - Iodine resonance radiation

7B50.10 ATOMIC MODELS - electron orbital models

Nuclear Physics

7D10.40 RADIOACTIVITY - secular equilibrium
7D10.60 RADIOACTIVITY - range and absorption

7D20.10 NUCLEAR REACTIONS - mousetraps
7D20.20 NUCLEAR REACTIONS - dominoes chain reaction

7D30.05 PARTICLE DETECTORS - Ludlum detectors
7D30.10 PARTICLE DETECTORS - nixie Geiger counter
7D30.20 PARTICLE DETECTORS - Alpa detector
7D30.60 PARTICLE DETECTORS - diffusion cloud chamber

7D50.10 MODELS OF THE NUCLEUS - Rutherford scattering
7D50.46 MODELS OF THE NUCLEUS - mass defect

Elementary Particles

Relativity

7F10.60 SPECIAL RELATIVITY - LORENTZ TRANSFORMATION

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Planetary Astronomy

8A10.10 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - orrery
8A10.20 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - local zenith
8A10.25 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - phases of the moon
8A10.32 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - earth/moon system
8A10.33 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - 60 W sun
8A10.40 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - pinhead earth
8A10.50 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - horizon astronomy model
8A10.51 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - cinhelium
8A10.55 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - retrograde motion model
8A10.65 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - comet orbit model
8A10.80 SOLAR SYSTEM MECHANICS - celestial sphere

8A20.10 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - globes
8A20.11 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - earth globe
8A20.12 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - large earth globe
8A20.21 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - planetary density model
8A20.30 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - cratering
8A20.41 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - make a comet
8A20.42 PLANETARY GEOLOGY - Ed's comet

Stellar Astronomy

8B10.12 MISCELLANEOUS - variable star simulation
8B10.40 MISCELLANEOUS - forward and backward scattering
8B10.51 MISCELLANEOUS - flashbulb supernova
8B10.60 MISCELLANEOUS - pulsar recording
8B10.65 MISCELLANEOUS - pulsar model
8B10.70 MISCELLANEOUS - sunspot

Cosmology

8C10.10 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - expanding universe
8C10.11 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - expanding universe on whiteboard
8C10.15 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - inflating balloon
8C10.20 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - bubble universe
8C10.30 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - galaxy model
8C10.40 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - Klein bottle
8C10.45 MODELS OF THE UNIVERSE - moebius strip

8C20.10 BLACK HOLES - black hole
8C20.20 BLACK HOLES - membrane table
8C20.40 BLACK HOLES - gravitational lens
8C20.45 BLACK HOLES - galactic lens

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Last modified: 1997-06-16